Serological Assessment for Celiac Disease in IgA Deficient AdultsReportar como inadecuado




Serological Assessment for Celiac Disease in IgA Deficient Adults - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Purpose

Selective immunoglobulin A deficiency is the most common primary immunodeficiency disorder that is strongly overrepresented among patients with celiac disease CD. IgG antibodies against tissue transglutaminase tTG and deamidated gliadin peptides DGP serve as serological markers for CD in IgA deficient individuals, although the diagnostic value remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of these markers in a large cohort of IgA deficient adults with confirmed or suspected CD and relate the findings to gluten free diet.

Methods

Sera from 488,156 individuals were screened for CD in seven Swedish clinical immunology laboratories between 1998 and 2012. In total, 356 out of 1,414 identified IgA deficient adults agreed to participate in this study and were resampled. Forty-seven IgA deficient blood donors served as controls. Analyses of IgG antibodies against tTG and DGP as well as HLA typing were performed and a questionnaire was used to investigate adherence to gluten free diet. Available biopsy results were collected.

Results

Out of the 356 IgA deficient resampled adults, 67 18.8% were positive for IgG anti-tTG and 79 22.2% for IgG anti-DGP, 54 had biopsy confirmed CD. Among the 47 IgA deficient blood donors, 4 9% were positive for IgG anti-tTG and 8 17% for anti-DGP. Four were diagnosed with biopsy verified CD, however, 2 of the patients were negative for all markers. Sixty-eight of 69 individuals with positive IgG anti-tTG were HLA-DQ2-DQ8 positive whereas 7 18.9% of the 37 individuals positive for IgG anti-DGP alone were not.

Conclusions

IgG anti-tTG seems to be a more reliable marker for CD in IgA deficient adults whereas the diagnostic specificity of anti-DGP appears to be lower. High levels of IgG antibodies against tTG and DGP were frequently found in IgA deficient adults despite adhering to gluten free diet.



Autor: Ning Wang, Lennart Truedsson, Kerstin Elvin, Bengt A. Andersson, Johan Rönnelid, Lucia Mincheva-Nilsson, Annica Lindkvist, Jonas

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



DESCARGAR PDF




Documentos relacionados