Platelet Serotonin Transporter Function Predicts Default-Mode Network ActivityReportar como inadecuado




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Background

The serotonin transporter 5-HTT is abundantly expressed in humans by the serotonin transporter gene SLC6A4 and removes serotonin 5-HT from extracellular space. A blood-brain relationship between platelet and synaptosomal 5-HT reuptake has been suggested, but it is unknown today, if platelet 5-HT uptake can predict neural activation of human brain networks that are known to be under serotonergic influence.

Methods

A functional magnetic resonance study was performed in 48 healthy subjects and maximal 5-HT uptake velocity Vmax was assessed in blood platelets. We used a mixed-effects multilevel analysis technique MEMA to test for linear relationships between whole-brain, blood-oxygen-level dependent BOLD activity and platelet Vmax.

Results

The present study demonstrates that increases in platelet Vmax significantly predict default-mode network DMN suppression in healthy subjects independent of genetic variation within SLC6A4. Furthermore, functional connectivity analyses indicate that platelet Vmax is related to global DMN activation and not intrinsic DMN connectivity.

Conclusion

This study provides evidence that platelet Vmax predicts global DMN activation changes in healthy subjects. Given previous reports on platelet-synaptosomal Vmax coupling, results further suggest an important role of neuronal 5-HT reuptake in DMN regulation.



Autor: Christian Scharinger , Ulrich Rabl , Christian H. Kasess, Bernhard M. Meyer, Tina Hofmaier, Kersten Diers, Lucie Bartova, Gerald

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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