Identification of a 251 Gene Expression Signature That Can Accurately Detect M. tuberculosis in Patients with and without HIV Co-InfectionReportar como inadecuado




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Background

Co-infection with tuberculosis TB is the leading cause of death in HIV-infected individuals. However, diagnosis of TB, especially in the presence of an HIV co-infection, can be limiting due to the high inaccuracy associated with the use of conventional diagnostic methods. Here we report a gene signature that can identify a tuberculosis infection in patients co-infected with HIV as well as in the absence of HIV.

Methods

We analyzed global gene expression data from peripheral blood mononuclear cell PBMC samples of patients that were either mono-infected with HIV or co-infected with HIV-TB and used support vector machines to identify a gene signature that can distinguish between the two classes. We then validated our results using publically available gene expression data from patients mono-infected with TB.

Results

Our analysis successfully identified a 251-gene signature that accurately distinguishes patients co-infected with HIV-TB from those infected with HIV only, with an overall accuracy of 81.4% sensitivity = 76.2%, specificity = 86.4%. Furthermore, we show that our 251-gene signature can also accurately distinguish patients with active TB in the absence of an HIV infection from both patients with a latent TB infection and healthy controls 88.9–94.7% accuracy; 69.2–90% sensitivity and 90.3–100% specificity. We also demonstrate that the expression levels of the 251-gene signature diminish as a correlate of the length of TB treatment.

Conclusions

A 251-gene signature is described to a detect TB in the presence or absence of an HIV co-infection, and b assess response to treatment following anti-TB therapy.



Autor: Noor Dawany, Louise C. Showe, Andrew V. Kossenkov, Celia Chang, Prudence Ive, Francesca Conradie, Wendy Stevens, Ian Sanne, Livio

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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