Treading in the Formaldehyde of Tradition: Kata as Somatic Text in the Japanese Nō and Kyōgen TheatresReportar como inadecuado




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Kyōgen, Japanese Theatre, Kata, Japanese Premodern Literature, Somatic Text, Nō, Canonization

Traynor, Jane K

Supervisor and department: Commons, Anne East Asian Studies

Examining committee member and department: Defraeye, Piet Drama Davis, Walter East Asian Studies

Department: Department of East Asian Studies

Specialization:

Date accepted: 2017-03-30T15:45:49Z

Graduation date: 2017-06:Spring 2017

Degree: Master of Arts

Degree level: Master's

Abstract: One of the misconceptions of Western audiences of traditional Japanese theatre, particularly the medieval dramatic theatre nō and its comic counterpart kyōgen, is that they are -museum arts.- That is, that they are now only being performed in an attempt to preserve them as intangible cultural commodities, rather than as living, evolving theatrical forms. This may be the result of orientalist assumptions made of the theatre by Western audiences. The purpose of this research is to investigate the truth of this claim through an investigation of kata forms. In order to discuss kata, which are fixed movement patterns that make up the choreography on the nō and kyōgen stage, it is first and foremost important to define what kata are and to establish how they function within the art. This is done in Chapter One through a survey of kata definitions, an exploration of excerpts of Zeami’s Fūshikaden Teachings on Style and the Flower, 1402, and a case study of the play Aoi no ue Lady Aoi, late 14th-early 15th Century. Then, with the goal of demystifying the notion that kata are an impermeable, timeless tradition, Chapter Two lays out the canonization process of what I refer to as somatic text. Somatic text is the term I developed in order to describe the fixed movement patterns of kata as physical texts written through the body. Just as the lexical texts became canonized throughout the six hundred years of nō and kyōgen history, so too did the somatic texts. Finally, in Chapter Three I investigate the artistic and pedagogical theories surrounding the practice of kata today. By doing so, I hope to make kata accessible to English-speaking audiences in a way in which they might better understand Japanese theatres, as well as integrate this theatrical device into their own practices. This research draws on a variety of sources including medieval theoretical treatises, early modern katazuke form-added manuscripts, contemporary performances, and personal interviews with current nō and kyōgen practitioners.

Language: English

DOI: doi:10.7939-R3599ZD59

Rights: This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private, scholarly or scientific research. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.





Autor: Traynor, Jane K

Fuente: https://era.library.ualberta.ca/


Introducción



Treading in the Formaldehyde of Tradition: Kata as Somatic Text in the Japanese Nō and Kyōgen Theatres by Jane Traynor A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts Department of East Asian Studies University of Alberta © Jane Traynor, 2017 Abstract One of the misconceptions of Western audiences of traditional Japanese theatre, particularly the medieval dramatic theatre nō and its comic counterpart kyōgen, is that they are “museum arts.” That is, that they are now only being performed in an attempt to preserve them as intangible cultural commodities, rather than as living, evolving theatrical forms.
This may be the result of orientalist assumptions made of the theatre by Western audiences.
The purpose of this research is to investigate the truth of this claim through an investigation of kata (forms). In order to discuss kata, which are fixed movement patterns that make up the choreography on the nō and kyōgen stage, it is first and foremost important to define what kata are and to establish how they function within the art.
This is done in Chapter One through a survey of kata definitions, an exploration of excerpts of Zeami’s Fūshikaden (Teachings on Style and the Flower, 1402), and a case study of the play Aoi no ue (Lady Aoi, late 14th-early 15th Century).
Then, with the goal of demystifying the notion that kata are an impermeable, timeless tradition, Chapter Two lays out the canonization process of what I refer to as somatic text. Somatic text is the term I developed in order to describe the fixed movement patterns of kata as physical texts written through the body.
Just as the lexical texts became canonized throughout the six hundred years of nō and kyōgen history, so too did the somatic texts.
Finally, in Chapter Three I investigate the artistic and pedagogical theories surrounding the practice of kata today. By doing so, I hope to make kata accessible to English-speaking audiences in a wa...





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