Patient Body Weight-Tailored Contrast Medium Injection Protocol for the Craniocervical Vessels: A Prospective Computed Tomography StudyReportar como inadecuado




Patient Body Weight-Tailored Contrast Medium Injection Protocol for the Craniocervical Vessels: A Prospective Computed Tomography Study - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Objectives

To evaluate body weight-tailored contrast medium CM administration for computed tomography angiography CTA of the craniocervical vessels.

Methods

Institutional review board approval was obtained, and all patients gave written informed consent. Sixty patients were consecutively assigned to one of three dose groups 20 patients per group with CM doses of Visipaque 270® iodixanol 270 mg-ml tailored to body weight at doses of 1.5, 1.0, or 0.5 ml-kg. Region-of-interest ROI analysis of maximum enhancement ME was conducted, and signal-to-noise-ratios SNR and contrast-to-noise-ratios CNR were calculated. Retrospective comparison was performed with three matched control groups examined with a standard CM dose 80 ml of Visipaque 270®. Image quality was rated by two neuroradiologists blinded to the CM dose used. Interrater reliability was calculated using kappa statistics.

Results

Body weight-BMI and ME were inversely correlated in the three control groups receiving the standard dose r = −0.544-−0.597-−0.542-r = −0.358-r = −0.424-r = −0.280. Compared to standard dose, 1.5 ml-kg produced higher ME, SNR, and CNR in the anterior circulation p≤0.038, 1.0 ml-kg had higher ME in cervical and medium-sized cerebral arteries p≤0.034, and 0.5 ml-kg had lower ME, SNR and CNR for medium-sized cerebral arteries p≤0.049. ME, SNR, and CNR were the same for 1.5 ml-kg and 1.0 ml-kg p≥0.24, and both had higher values compared to 0.5 ml-kg p≤0.043-p≤0.028. In patients with BMI>25, 1.5 ml-kg and 1.0 ml-kg produced higher ME than standard dose p<0.001-p = 0.008, but ME in patients with BMI>25 did not differ between group 1 and group 2 p = 0.673. In patients with BMI≤25, 1.5 ml-kg and 1.0 ml-kg produced ME comparable to standard dose p = 0.132-p = 0.403. Regardless of patient weight, 0.5 ml-kg yielded lower ME than standard dose p = 0.019-0.002.

Conclusions

Craniocervical CTA with a body weight-tailored CM dose of 1.0 ml-kg 270 mg iodine-ml reduces iodine load in patients weighing <80 kg while producing ME similar to standard dose and improves ME in patients with BMI>25.



Autor: Rebecca Kessler , Katrin Hegenscheid, Steffen Fleck, Alexander Khaw, Michael Kirsch, Norbert Hosten, Sönke Langner

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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