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Annales Instituti Archaeologici, Vol.IX No.1 December 2013. -

In the excavations carried out at the position of Glavičica in Dolina in 2012, tumulus 11 was investigated. The excavations of that tumulus, which had been considerably lowered by ploughing, led to the discovery of grave 1 below two earthen mounds. The grave consisted of a rectangular charred area measuring 3.00 x 1.70 m, with burnt bones, charcoal, potsherds and fragments of burnt bronze objects. Taking into consideration the finds and the shape of the charred area, a possible conclusion would be that these were the remains of a pyre. However, considering that there were no traces of burnt soil below or around the charred area, a more likely explanation is that this marks the place of deposition of the remains of the pyre with the bones of the deceased and the goods, over which an earthen mound was built.

The investigation of tumulus 11 showed that our knowledge about funerary rituals of the communities from the beginning of the Early Iron Age is, at best, lacking. The finds from tumulus 11 date it to the 8th cent. BC, close in time to the finds from graves 1 and 2 in tumulus 6. The burial method, shape of the grave and presence of two evenly arranged earthen mounds distinguish tumulus 11 from the other excavated tumuli, which contained readily identifiable graves with goods and cremated remains of the deceased persons in urns or in organic containers.

Dolina; Posavina; cemetery under tumuli; cremation burial; beginning of the Iron Age; the Donja Dolina-Sanski Most group

Autor: Daria Ložnjak Dizdar - ; Institute of Archaeology, Zagreb, Croatia Marija Mihaljević - ; Town Mus



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