Analysis of the Key Issues in the Organization of Emergency Care for Stroke and Heart Attack Patients in Bjelovar-Bilogora CountyReportar como inadecuado

Analysis of the Key Issues in the Organization of Emergency Care for Stroke and Heart Attack Patients in Bjelovar-Bilogora County - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Acta clinica Croatica, Vol.52. No.2. June 2013. -

Emergency care for patients with acute ischemic stroke and acute myocardial infarction according to the principles of evidence-based medicine is a challenge for the healthcare system, as it requires a multidisciplinary approach and good cooperation of all the subjects involved. The time elapsed from symptom onset to patient admission to the hospital, and the period from admission to the hospital to the beginning of therapy play an essential role in the thrombolytic treatment of stroke. For the patient, effective functioning of the system can mean the difference between preserved functional independence and disability. In recent years in Bjelovar-Bilogora County, there has been some development in emergency care of patients with acute heart attack by applying thrombolytic therapy and organizing transfer of indicated cases to the nearest clinical department for invasive cardiologic therapy. In case of acute ischemic stroke, thrombolysis has so far remained the only method of causal treatment. Results of a retrospective study conducted in 2010 in Bjelovar General Hospital on 169 patients with the established time of ischemic stroke symptom onset showed that only 39.64% of patients reached the hospital for treatment within the target time window. The results indicated the need for continuous efforts in preventing cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, as well as for education of citizens and healthcare professionals in recognizing the early symptoms of stroke and understanding them as an emergency condition. The present situation calls for permanent education of health workers in first line contact, an increase in the number of neurologists and cardiologists, as well as the introduction of stroke units on the model of coronary units, with constant presence of specialists. The radiology and laboratory services need adjustment to enable performing diagnostic procedures within the given time limit. At the national level, a network of stroke units should be organized, which would eliminate distance to county hospitals as a limiting factor in effective treatment.

Stroke – diagnosis; Stroke – therapy; Myocardial infarction – diagnosis; Myocardial infarction – therapy; Thrombolytic therapy; Emergency health services – organization and administration; Emergencies

Autor: Duška Šklebar - Marina Preksavec - Tihana Gržinčić - Dragica Vrabec Matković - Mislav Klobučić - Renata Ivanac Janković



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