Design and Synthesis of a Library of Lead-Like 2,4-Bisheterocyclic Substituted Thiophenes as Selective Dyrk-Clk InhibitorsReportar como inadecuado




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The Dyrk family of protein kinases is implicated in the pathogenesis of several diseases, including cancer and neurodegeneration. Pharmacological inhibitors were mainly described for Dyrk1A so far, but in fewer cases for Dyrk1B, Dyrk2 or other isoforms. Herein, we report the development and optimization of 2,4-bisheterocyclic substituted thiophenes as a novel class of Dyrk inhibitors. The optimized hit compounds displayed favorable pharmacokinetic properties and high ligand efficiencies, and inhibited Dyrk1B in intact cells. In a larger selectivity screen, only Clk1 and Clk4 were identified as additional targets of compound 48, but no other kinases frequently reported as off-targets. Interestingly, Dyrk1A is implicated in the regulation of alternative splicing, a function shared with Clk1-Clk4; thus, some of the dual inhibitors might be useful as efficient splicing modulators. A further compound 29 inhibited Dyrk1A and 1B with an IC50 of 130 nM, showing a moderate selectivity over Dyrk2. Since penetration of the central nervous system CNS seems possible based on the physicochemical properties, this compound might serve as a lead for the development of potential therapeutic agents against glioblastoma. Furthermore, an inhibitor selective for Dyrk2 24 was also identified, which might be are suitable as a pharmacological tool to dissect Dyrk2 isoform–mediated functions.



Autor: Christian Schmitt, Dagmar Kail, Marica Mariano, Martin Empting, Nadja Weber, Tamara Paul, Rolf W. Hartmann, Matthias Engel

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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