On the Eyes of Male Coffee Berry Borers as Rudimentary OrgansReportar como inadecuado




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The coffee berry borer, Hypothenemus hampei, is the most damaging insect pest of coffee worldwide. Like males in other species in the genus, male coffee berry borers have a lower number of facets in the compound eyes than females. The rudimentary eyes in male coffee berry borers could be an evolutionary response to their cryptic life habit, whereby they are born inside a coffee berry and never leave the berry. The main objective of the study was to determine if the differences in the number of facets translates into differences in visual acuity. We used low-temperature scanning electron microscopy to visualize and quantify the number of facets in the compound eyes. There was a significantly lower p<0.0001 number of facets in males 19.1±4.10 than in females 127.5±3.88. To assess visual acuity, we conducted optomotor response experiments, which indicate that females respond to movement, while males did not respond under the conditions tested. The coffee berry borer is an example of an insect whereby disuse of an organ has led to a rudimentary compound eye. This is the first study that has experimentally tested responses to movement in bark beetles.



Autor: Fernando E. Vega , Ann Simpkins, Gary Bauchan, Francisco Infante, Matthew Kramer, Michael F. Land

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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