Global and Regional Associations of Smaller Cerebral Gray and White Matter Volumes with Gait in Older PeopleReportar como inadecuado




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Background

Gait impairments increase with advancing age and can lead to falls and loss of independence. Brain atrophy also occurs in older age and may contribute to gait decline. We aimed to investigate global and regional relationships of cerebral gray and white matter volumes with gait speed, and its determinants step length and cadence, in older people.

Methods

In a population-based study, participants aged >60 years without Parkinson-s disease or brain infarcts underwent magnetic resonance imaging and gait measurements using a computerized walkway. Linear regression was used to study associations of total gray and white matter volumes with gait, adjusting for each other, age, sex, height and white matter hyperintensity volume. Other covariates considered in analyses included weight and vascular disease history. Voxel-based morphometry was used to study regional relationships of gray and white matter with gait.

Results

There were 305 participants, mean age 71.4 6.9 years, 54% male, mean gait speed 1.16 0.22 m-s. Smaller total gray matter volume was independently associated with poorer gait speed p = 0.001 and step length p<0.001, but not cadence. Smaller volumes of cortical and subcortical gray matter in bilateral regions important for motor control, vision, perception and memory were independently associated with slower gait speed and shorter steps. No global or regional associations were observed between white matter volume and gait independent of gray matter volume, white matter hyperintensity volume and other covariates.

Conclusion

Smaller gray matter volume in bilaterally distributed brain networks serving motor control was associated with slower gait speed and step length, but not cadence.



Autor: Michele L. Callisaya , Richard Beare , Thanh G. Phan, Jian Chen, Velandai K. Srikanth

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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