Tyrosine Phosphorylation Allows Integration of Multiple Signaling Inputs by IKKβReport as inadecuate




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Signaling regulated by NFκB and related transcription factors is centrally important to many inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, cancer, and stress responses. The kinase that directly regulates the canonical NFκB transcriptional pathway, Inhibitor of κB kinase β IKKβ, undergoes activation by Ser phosphorylation mediated by NIK or TAK1 in response to inflammatory signals. Using titanium dioxide-based phosphopeptide enrichment TiO2-liquid chromatography LC-high mass accuracy tandem mass spectrometry MS-MS, we analyzed IKKβ phosphorylation in human HEK293 cells expressing IKKβ and FGFR2, a Receptor tyrosine kinase RTK essential for embryonic differentiation and dysregulated in several cancers. We attained unusually high coverage of IKKβ, identifying an abundant site of Tyr phosphorylation at Tyr169 within the Activation Loop. The phosphomimic at this site confers a level of kinase activation and NFκB nuclear localization exceeding the iconic mutant S177E-S181E, demonstrating that RTK-mediated Tyr phosphorylation of IKKβ has the potential to directly regulate NFκB transcriptional activation.



Author: April N. Meyer, Kristine A. Drafahl, Christopher W. McAndrew, Jennifer E. Gilda, Leandro H. Gallo, Martin Haas, Laurence M. Brill

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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