Force Sensing in Surgical SuturesReport as inadecuate




Force Sensing in Surgical Sutures - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

The tension in a suture is an important factor in the process of wound healing. If there is too much tension in the suture, the blood flow is restricted and necrosis can occur. If the tension is too low, the incision opens up and cannot heal properly. The purpose of this paper is to describe the design and evaluation of the Stitch Force SF sensor and the Hook-In Force HIF sensor. These sensors were developed to measure the force on a tensioned suture inside a closed incision and to measure the pulling force used to close the incision. The accuracy of both sensors is high enough to determine the relation between the force in the thread of a stitch and the pulling force applied on the suture by the physician. In a pilot study, a continuous suture of 7 stitches was applied on the fascia of the abdominal wall of multiple pigs to study this relationship. The results show that the max force in the thread of the second stitch drops from 3 SD 1.2 to 1 SD 0.3 newton after the 4th stitch was placed. During placement of the 5th, 6th and 7th stitch, the force in the 2nd stitch was not influenced anymore. This study indicates that in a continuous suture the force in the thread remains constant up to more than 3 stiches away from the pulled loose end of the suture. When a force feedback tool is developed specially for suturing in surgery on patients, the proposed sensors can be used to determine safety threshold for different types of tissue and sutures.



Author: Tim Horeman , Evert-jan Meijer, Joris J. Harlaar, Johan F. Lange, John J. van den Dobbelsteen, Jenny Dankelman

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



DOWNLOAD PDF




Related documents