Foundation of modern police sciences and its contribution to the police practice in the European unionReport as inadecuate

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Police and Security, Vol.22 No.1 supplement August 2013. -

Debates about the scientific foundation of the police as an institution-police and as a function-policing developed in the European context in the middle of 20th century. Originally, created as a science of governance, than considered as legal and criminological science, in more recent times police science develops only in the context of sociological disciplines. As part of cameral sciences and management of internal security in Germany, identifying with the science of governance in France, within the legal, political or military sciences in other countries, to the Scottish and British concept of prevention and concern about organizing of civil society, police science evolves as reflect of understanding the role of police in society. Tendencies narrowing police science to the study of crime and offenders or law enforcement, or integration into the Criminology and Criminal Law, neglects researches about police activity in which the police officer protects the citizens and the public properties and performs criminal investigations or applies other police powers.

The clear determination of the nature and purpose of police activity, as defining it as security science, and argumentation of particularities of the object, the methodology and police scientific cognition, following the developments and discussions of police sciences in the European Union, this study actualizes the scientific perspective and positioning of police science in Europe, in World, with special review to the Republic of Croatia.

police organization; police activities; security; police science; police research

Author: Ksenija Butorac - ; Police Academy, Zagreb, Croatia Davor Solomun - ; Police Academy, Zagreb, Croatia



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