CYP2D6*4 Allele Polymorphism Increases the Risk of Parkinson’s Disease: Evidence from Meta-AnalysisReport as inadecuate




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Background

Many epidemiological studies have been conducted to explore the association between a single CYP2D6 gene polymorphism and Parkinson’s disease PD susceptibility. However, the results remain controversial.

Objectives

To clarify the effects of a single CYP2D6 gene polymorphism on the risk of PD, a meta-analysis of all available studies relating to CYP2D6*4 polymorphism and the risk of PD was conducted.

Methods

A comprehensive literature search of PubMed, EMBASE, and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure CNKI up to September 1, 2013 was conducted. Data were extracted by two independent authors and pooled odds ratio OR with 95% confidence interval CI were calculated. Meta-regression, Galbraith plots, subgroup analysis, sensitivity analysis, and publication bias analysis were also performed.

Results

Twenty-two separate comparisons consisting of 2,629 patients and 3,601 controls were included in our meta-analysis. The pooled analyses showed a significant association between CYP2D6*4G-A polymorphism and PD risk in all of the comparisons A vs. G allele: OR = 1.28, 95% CI = 1.14–1.43, P = 0.001; AA vs. GG: OR = 1.43, 95% CI = 1.06–1.93, P = 0.018; AG vs. GG: OR = 1.22, 95% CI = 1.06–1.40, P = 0.006; AG+AA vs. GG: OR = 1.26, 95% CI = 1.10–1.44, P = 0.001; AA vs. AG+GG: OR = 1.37, 95% CI = 1.02–1.83, P = 0.036. In subgroup analysis stratified by ethnicity, significant associations were also demonstrated in Caucasians but not in Asians. No significant association was found in subgroup analysis stratified by age of onset or disease form.

Conclusions

We concluded that the CYP2D6*4G-A polymorphism denotes an increased genetic susceptibility to PD in the overall population, especially in Caucasians. Further large and well-designed studies are needed to confirm this association.



Author: Yu Lu , Cuiju Mo , Zhiyu Zeng , Siyuan Chen, Yantong Xie, Qiliu Peng, Yu He, Yan Deng, Jian Wang, Li Xie, Jie Zeng, Shan Li , Xue

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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