Relationship between Aldosterone and the Metabolic Syndrome in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Hypopnea Syndrome: Effect of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure TreatmentReport as inadecuate




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Background

Metabolic syndrome MS occurs frequently in patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome OSAHS. We hypothesized that aldosterone levels are elevated in OSAHS and associated with the presence of MS.

Methods

We studied 66 patients with OSAHS 33 with MS and 33 without MS and 35 controls. The occurrence of the MS was analyzed according to the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III NCEP ATP III clinical criteria. Measurements of plasma renin activity PRA, aldosterone, aldosterone:PRA ratio, creatinine, glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol and HDL cholesterol were obtained at baseline and after CPAP treatment.

Results

Aldosterone levels were associated with the severity of OSAHS and higher than controls p = 0.046. Significant differences in aldosterone levels were detected between OSAHS patients with and without MS p = 0.041. A significant reduction was observed in the aldosterone levels in patients under CPAP treatment p = 0.012.

Conclusion

This study shows that aldosterone levels are elevated in OSAHS in comparison to controls, and that CPAP therapy reduces aldosterone levels. It also shows that aldosterone levels are associated with the presence of metabolic syndrome, suggesting that aldosterone excess might predispose or aggravate the metabolic and cardiovascular complications of OSAHS.

Trial registration

The study is not a randomized controlled trial and was not registered.



Author: Antonia Barceló , Javier Piérola, Cristina Esquinas, Mónica de la Peña, Meritxell Arqué, Alberto Alonso-Fernández, Josep Mi

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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