The Complete Maternally and Paternally Inherited Mitochondrial Genomes of the Endangered Freshwater Mussel Solenaia carinatus Bivalvia: Unionidae and Implications for Unionidae TaxonomyReport as inadecuate




The Complete Maternally and Paternally Inherited Mitochondrial Genomes of the Endangered Freshwater Mussel Solenaia carinatus Bivalvia: Unionidae and Implications for Unionidae Taxonomy - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Doubly uniparental inheritance DUI is an exception to the typical maternal inheritance of mitochondrial mt DNA in Metazoa, and found only in some bivalves. In species with DUI, there are two highly divergent gender-associated mt genomes: maternal F and paternal M, which transmit independently and show different tissue localization. Solenaia carinatus is an endangered freshwater mussel species exclusive to Poyang Lake basin, China. Anthropogenic events in the watershed greatly threaten the survival of this species. Nevertheless, the taxonomy of S. carinatus based on shell morphology is confusing, and the subfamilial placement of the genus Solenaia remains unclear. In order to clarify the taxonomic status and discuss the phylogenetic implications of family Unionidae, the entire F and M mt genomes of S. carinatus were sequenced and compared with the mt genomes of diverse freshwater mussel species. The complete F and M mt genomes of S. carinatus are 16716 bp and 17102 bp in size, respectively. The F and M mt genomes of S. carinatus diverge by about 40% in nucleotide sequence and 48% in amino acid sequence. Compared to F counterparts, the M genome shows a more compact structure. Different gene arrangements are found in these two gender-associated mt genomes. Among these, the F genome cox2-rrnS gene order is considered to be a genome-level synapomorphy for female lineage of the subfamily Gonideinae. From maternal and paternal mtDNA perspectives, the phylogenetic analyses of Unionoida indicate that S. carinatus belongs to Gonideinae. The F and M clades in freshwater mussels are reciprocal monophyly. The phylogenetic trees advocate the classification of sampled Unionidae species into four subfamilies: Gonideinae, Ambleminae, Anodontinae, and Unioninae, which is supported by the morphological characteristics of glochidia.



Author: Xiao-Chen Huang, Jun Rong, Yong Liu, Ming-Hua Zhang, Yuan Wan, Shan Ouyang, Chun-Hua Zhou , Xiao-Ping Wu

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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