Regional Impact of Climate on Japanese Encephalitis in Areas Located near the Three Gorges DamReport as inadecuate




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Background

In this study, we aim to identify key climatic factors that are associated with the transmission of Japanese encephalitis virus in areas located near the Three Gorges Dam, between 1997 and 2008.

Methods

We identified three geographical regions of Chongqing, based on their distance from the Three Gorges Dam. Collectively, the three regions consisted of 12 districts from which study information was collected. Zero-Inflated Poisson Regression models were run to identify key climatic factors of the transmission of Japanese encephalitis virus for both the whole study area and for each individual region; linear regression models were conducted to examine the fluctuation of climatic variables over time during the construction of the Three Gorges Dam.

Results

Between 1997 and 2008, the incidence of Japanese encephalitis decreased throughout the entire city of Chongqing, with noticeable variations taking place in 2000, 2001 and 2006. The eastern region, which is closest to the Three Gorges Dam, suffered the highest incidence of Japanese encephalitis, while the western region experienced the lowest incidence. Linear regression models revealed that there were seasonal fluctuations of climatic variables during this period. Zero-Inflated Poisson Regression models indicated a significant positive association between temperature with a lag of 1 and 3 months and Japanese encephalitis incidence, and a significant negative association between rainfall with a lag of 0 and 4 months and Japanese encephalitis incidence.

Conclusion

The spatial and temporal trends of Japanese encephalitis incidence that occurred in the City of Chongqing were associated with temperature and rainfall. Seasonal fluctuations of climatic variables during this period were also observed. Additional studies that focus on long-term data collection are needed to validate the findings of this study and to further explore the effects of the Three Gorges Dam on Japanese encephalitis and other related diseases.



Author: Yuntao Bai , Zhiguang Xu , Jing Zhang , Deqiang Mao, Chao Luo, Yuanyuan He, Guodong Liang, Bo Lu, Michael S. Bisesi, Qinghua Sun,

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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