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Geofizika, Vol.30 No.1 June 2013. -

A very peculiar damage patterns have been reported during Northridge earthquake of 1994 and Nisqually earthquake of 2001 caused by basement focusing. Similarly, basement de-focusing may cause lesser damage than the expectations but such inferences have not been reported. Further, as far as we know, no theoretical study related to de-focusing effects of anticlinal basement topography ABT is available in the literature. In order to fulfill this gap, this article presents the combined effects of sediment rheology and ABT on the SH-and SV-waves characteristics. The simulated results revealed an increase of de-amplification factors with distance travelled in basin above the ABT. The computed snapshots also confirmed amplitude de-amplification, diffraction and mode conversion of SV-wave. Elastic response revealed that the de-amplification factors caused by ABT were not frequency dependent. The average spectral de-amplification factors were more or less same for both the waves even after strong mode conversion of SV-wave at the lower part of ABT. Based on simulated results, it was inferred that the incorporation of effects of ABT in seismic hazard assessment is equally important as that of synclinal asement topography SBT effects for cost effective earthquake engineering.

simulation of viscoelastic seismic response; finite difference method; mode conversion; basement topography effects and local site effects



Autor: Vinay Kumar - ; Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Department of Earthquake Engineering, Roorkee, India J. P. Narayan - ; In

Fuente: http://hrcak.srce.hr/



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