Sleep-Related Declarative Memory Consolidation and Verbal Replay during Sleep Talking in Patients with REM Sleep Behavior DisorderReportar como inadecuado




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Objective

To determine if sleep talkers with REM sleep behavior disorder RBD would utter during REM sleep sentences learned before sleep, and to evaluate their verbal memory consolidation during sleep.

Methods

Eighteen patients with RBD and 10 controls performed two verbal memory tasks 16 words from the Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test and a 220-263 word long modified Story Recall Test in the evening, followed by nocturnal video-polysomnography and morning recall night-time consolidation. In 9 patients with RBD, daytime consolidation morning learning-recall, evening recall was also evaluated with the modified Story Recall Test in a cross-over order. Two RBD patients with dementia were studied separately. Sleep talking was recorded using video-polysomnography, and the utterances were compared to the studied texts by two external judges.

Results

Sleep-related verbal memory consolidation was maintained in patients with RBD +24±36% words as in controls +9±18%, p=0.3. The two demented patients with RBD also exhibited excellent nighttime consolidation. The post-sleep performance was unrelated to the sleep measures including continuity, stages, fragmentation and apnea-hypopnea index. Daytime consolidation -9±19% was worse than night-time consolidation +29±45%, p=0.03 in the subgroup of 9 patients with RBD. Eleven patients with RBD spoke during REM sleep and pronounced a median of 20 words, which represented 0.0003% of sleep with spoken language. A single patient uttered a sentence that was judged to be semantically but not literally related to the text learned before sleep.

Conclusion

Verbal declarative memory normally consolidates during sleep in patients with RBD. The incorporation of learned material within REM sleep-associated sleep talking in one patient unbeknownst to himself at the semantic level suggests a replay at a highly cognitive creative level.



Autor: Ginevra Uguccioni, Olivier Pallanca, Jean-Louis Golmard, Pauline Dodet, Bastien Herlin, Smaranda Leu-Semenescu, Isabelle Arnulf

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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