Isolation and Characterization of Highly Replicable Hepatitis C Virus Genotype 1a Strain HCV-RMTReport as inadecuate

Isolation and Characterization of Highly Replicable Hepatitis C Virus Genotype 1a Strain HCV-RMT - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Multiple genotype 1a clones have been reported, including the very first hepatitis C virus HCV clone called H77. The replication ability of some of these clones has been confirmed in vitro and in vivo, although this ability is somehow compromised. We now report a newly isolated genotype 1a clone, designated HCV-RMT, which has the ability to replicate efficiently in patients, chimeric mice with humanized liver, and cultured cells. An authentic subgenomic replicon cell line was established from the HCV-RMT sequence with spontaneous introduction of three adaptive mutations, which were later confirmed to be responsible for efficient replication in HuH-7 cells as both subgenomic replicon RNA and viral genome RNA. Following transfection, the HCV-RMT RNA genome with three adaptive mutations was maintained for more than 2 months in HuH-7 cells. One clone selected from the transfected cells had a high copy number, and its supernatant could infect naïve HuH-7 cells. Direct injection of wild-type HCV-RMT RNA into the liver of chimeric mice with humanized liver resulted in vigorous replication, similar to inoculation with the parental patient’s serum. A study of virus replication using HCV-RMT derivatives with various combinations of adaptive mutations revealed a clear inversely proportional relationship between in vitro and in vivo replication abilities. Thus, we suggest that HCV-RMT and its derivatives are important tools for HCV genotype 1a research and for determining the mechanism of HCV replication in vitro and in vivo.

Author: Masaaki Arai, Yuko Tokunaga, Asako Takagi, Yoshimi Tobita, Yuichi Hirata, Yuji Ishida, Chise Tateno, Michinori Kohara



Related documents