Screening for Hepatitis B and C in Occupational Settings: Cross-Sectional Study about 4268 Corporates Agents in Côte d’IvoireReportar como inadecuado




Screening for Hepatitis B and C in Occupational Settings: Cross-Sectional Study about 4268 Corporates Agents in Côte d’Ivoire - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Aim: To screen hepatitis B and C in occupationalsetting. Methods: Cross-sectional study multicenter in 16 enterprises oneoccupational exposure; 5602 agents. Screening was preceded by information,sensibilisation and informed consenting physician labor, labor union andagents. Hepatitis B surface antigen HBsAg and antibodies anti-hepatitis CElisa, third generation were tested in all. For those with HBsAg positive,this test was completed by IgM and IgG, anti HBc, HBeAg, antibodies anti HBe,transaminases and HBB DNA; for those with positive anti-VHC antibodies, testwas completed by transaminases and VHC’s RNA. Results: Rate of participationwas 76.2% 4268-5602 labors. HBsAg or hepatitis C antibodies were positives in425 9.9% of cases HBsAg positive: 8.48%; Hepatitis C Antibodies positives:1.50%; both: 0.05%. In HBsAg positive, viral replication and cytolysis wereseen respectively in 2.5 % and 18.2%. According with transaminases, serologicmarkers and viral load, immunotolerance, inactive and immuno active phase weresuspected in 0.56%, 80.9% and 1.6% of cases. In hepatitis C antibodiespositives persons, any had viral replication but cytolysis was observed in33.3% n = 21. HBsAg was significantively p < 0.00001 higher in exposedoccupational enterprise versus non-occupational setting 14.4% vs 7.8%. Theywere no differences p = 0.71 about hepatitis C antibodies in the two setting1.8% vs 1.7%. Conclusion: Prevalence of HBsAg and hepatitis C antibodies was highin occupational setting in hepatitis endemic country. It’s important to screenall of person in these setting with no consideration with blood exposed or notexposed enterprise.

KEYWORDS

Hepatitis B and C Screening, Occupational Setting, Blood Exposed Enterprise

Cite this paper

Assi, C. , Ouattara, A. , Kone, S. , Soro, D. , Allah-Kouadio, E. , Kouakou, C. , Luc, N. , Camara, B. and Lohoues-Kouacou, M. 2017 Screening for Hepatitis B and C in Occupational Settings: Cross-Sectional Study about 4268 Corporates Agents in Côte d’Ivoire. Open Journal of Gastroenterology, 7, 89-95. doi: 10.4236-ojgas.2017.73010.





Autor: Constant Assi*, Amadou Ouattara, Siaka Kone, Dramane Soro, Emile Allah-Kouadio, Claude Ghislain Kouakou, Nigué Luc, Benoît-Math

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



DESCARGAR PDF




Documentos relacionados