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Contamination of surface and underground water by sea level rise, surface runoff, and land use activities such as industrial and agricultural activities can lead to water scarcity. Water could be available and accessible but not suitable for human use. In the Middle East and North Africa MENA region countries, the agriculture sector depends massively on water for farming activities, which consumes about 80% of the available water resources. In this context, the issue of environmental water scarcity is under highlighted, though the use of this term itself is still lacking in an international context FAO. Meanwhile, the international goal of universal access to clean freshwater is included in global development targets SDGs. This study provides some insights and deepens our understanding on environmental water scarcity, particularly MEN-A region countries. This review paper begins with an introduction to water scarcity and continues with a discussion of environmental issues associated with water scarcity in MENA region countries. Finally, we suggest some adaptive measures in two distinct areas such as agriculture sectors and policy makers and conclude that the lack of implementation of this particular term is hindering sustainable development in MENA region countries.

KEYWORDS

Adaptation, MENA, Climate Change, Water Scarcity, Water Quality, Environment

Cite this paper

Ibrahim, B. and Mensah, H. 2017 Linking Environmental Water Scarcity and Options for Adaptation in the MENA Region. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 9, 378-392. doi: 10.4236-jwarp.2017.94025.





Autor: Bachar Ibrahim*, Henry Mensah

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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