Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B Virus Infection HBsAg in Rural Blood Donors, Moba, Tanganyika Province, Democratic Republic of Congo 2014 to 2016Reportar como inadecuado




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Blood transfusion is a salutary practice in modernmedicine, but it carries a high risk of transmission of transfusion transmittedinfections TTIs, especially in developingcountries. The objective of this study is to determine the seroprevalenceof viral hepatitis B among blood donors. This is a retrospective and descriptivecross-sectional study of the period from 2014 to 2016 at the Katele Health ReferenceCenter Moba, DR. Congo. We investigated HBsAg in blood donors by usingDetermine HBSAg. 1145 blood donors with an age mean of 30.6 ± 6.9 years andpredominantly male 62.5% were retained. The seroprevalence of hepatitis Binfection from 2014 to 2016 was 3.9% 0.3% for 2014, 9.4% for 2015 and 0.7% for2016. The family blood donors 83.2% were the only carriers of HBsAg and weresignificantly associated with hepatitis B infection p < 0.05. Age OR =0.70 CI 95% 0.34-1.44; p 0.338 and sex OR = 0.72 95% CI 0.27-1.97; p0.529 were not associated with the occurrence of hepatitis B in blood donors. Therisk of transmission of HBV during transfusion remains high. We recommend thestrengthening of transfusion safety measures, the abandonment of family donorsfor regular voluntary donors, the improvement of screening and diagnostictests, the involvement of the national blood transfusion program inepidemiological surveillance and the mobilization of the population in favor ofthe fight against hepatitis B.

KEYWORDS

Blood Donors, DRC, HBsAg, Hepatitis, Transfusion Safety

Cite this paper

Kabemba, B. , Kasendue, E. , Shiku, M. , Mukena, T. , Kasolva, T. , Kabingie, N. , Pungue, K. and Kitengie, T. 2017 Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B Virus Infection HBsAg in Rural Blood Donors, Moba, Tanganyika Province, Democratic Republic of Congo 2014 to 2016. Open Access Library Journal, 4, 1-5. doi: 10.4236-oalib.1103434.





Autor: Bukasa Héman Kabemba1,2,3*, Ebondo Patrick Kasendue3, Muteba André Shiku4,5, Tchoni Savant Mukena1, Tshinkobo Chicco Kasolva1,

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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