Association between Anthropometry, Dyslipidaemia and the Ten-Year Relative Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Ghanaians with Type 2 Diabetes and Hypertension at the Battor Catholic HospitalReportar como inadecuado




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Disordered body fat distribution and plasma lipid levelspromote atherosclerosis, a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease CVD. Theprocess of atherosclerosis is vigorous and rapid in diabetes and hypertension. Thisstudy sought to determine the relationship between anthropometric and dyslipidaemicparameters as well as ascertain using the Framingham percentage risk for heart disease,the ten-year relative risk of developing CVD among type 2 diabetes and hypertensivepatients attending the Battor Catholic Hospital. This hospital-based case-controlstudy involved 125 participants with hypertension, type 2 diabetes or both and 62age-matched healthy individuals as controls. Socio-demographic data was captured using a semi-structured questionnaire; anthropometricand biochemical variables were obtained using standard methods. The anthropometricand atherogenic dyslipidaemicparameters of the case participants were found to be significantly higher comparedto the controls. Among the case group, 49 39.2% were observed to have a high risk and 41 32.8% with a moderaterisk of developing coronary heart disease in ten years. Among the control group,11.3% presented with moderate risk with none scoring a high risk of developing coronarydisease within ten years. The odds of developing coronary heart disease in ten years was 4.5 times higher among thecase group with a higher female preponderance.

KEYWORDS

Type 2 Diabetes, Hypertension, Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk, Framingham Risk Score, Dyslipidaemia

Cite this paper

Lokpo, S. , Owiredu, W. , Osei-Yeboah, J. , Obirikorang, C. and Agyei-Frempong, M. 2017 Association between Anthropometry, Dyslipidaemia and the Ten-Year Relative Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Ghanaians with Type 2 Diabetes and Hypertension at the Battor Catholic Hospital. Open Access Library Journal, 4, 1-14. doi: 10.4236-oalib.1103379.





Autor: Sylvester Yao Lokpo1,2, William K. B. A. Owiredu1,3*, James Osei-Yeboah2, Christian Obirikorang1, Margaret T. Agyei-Frempong1,3

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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