Characterization of Persistent Virus-Like Particles in Two Acetate-Fed Methanogenic ReactorsReportar como inadecuado

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The objective of this study was to characterize the morphology, size-distribution, concentration and genome size of virus-like particles VLPs in two acetate-fed Methanosaeta-dominated reactors to better understand the possible correlation between viruses and archaeal hosts. The study reactors were dominated by a single genus of acetoclastic methanogen, Methanosaeta, which was present at 6 to 13 times higher than the combined bacterial populations consisting of Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, and Bacteroidetes. Epifluorescent microscopy showed VLPs concentration of 7.1 ± 1.5×107 VLPs-ml and 8.4 ± 4.3×107 VLPs-ml in the two laboratory reactors. Observations of no detectable import of VLPs with the reactor feed combined long operational time since the last inocula were introduced suggests that the VLP populations were actively propagating in the reactors. Transmission electron microscopy images showed VLPs with morphology consistent with Siphoviridae in both reactors, and VLPs with morphologies consistent with Myoviridae in one of the reactors. The morphology, size-distribution and genome size of VLPs were distinct between reactors suggesting that unique viral populations inhabited each reactor, though the hosts of these VLPs remain unclear.

Autor: I-Chieh Chien, John Scott Meschke , Heidi L. Gough, John F. Ferguson



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