Further Evidence of Emotional Allodynia in Unmedicated Young Adults with Major Depressive DisorderReportar como inadecuado




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Background

Recent evidence suggests that sensitivity to the emotional sequela of experimental thermal painmeasured by emotional unpleasantness is heightened in individuals with major depressive disorderMDD, a phenomenon we termed -emotional allodynia-. The aim of this study was to examine whether acute happy and sad mood induction alters emotional allodynia in MDD. We hypothesized that emotional allodynia will be a robust characteristic of individuals with MDD compared to healthy controls. Thus, it would remain following acute mood induction, independent of valence.

Methods

Twenty-one subjects with current MDD and 21 well-matched healthy subjectsHC received graded brief temperature stimuli following happy and sad mood inductions proceduresMIP. All subjects rated the intensity and affectpleasantness-unpleasantness of each stimulus. Sensorypain intensity and affectivepain unpleasantness thresholds were determined by methods of constant stimuli.

Results

The MIPs reliably induced happy and sad mood and the resulting induced mood and subjective arousal were not different between the groups at the time of temperature stimulation. Compared to HC, MDD individuals demonstrated emotional allodynia. We found significantly decreased affective pain thresholds whereby significantly lower temperatures became unpleasant in the MDD compared to the HC group. This was not observed for the sensory pain thresholds. Within the MDD, the affective pain thresholds were significantly lower than the corresponding pain intensity thresholds, whereby non-painful temperatures were already unpleasant for the MDD irrespective of the induced mood. This was not observed for the HC groups where the affective and pain intensity thresholds were comparable.

Conclusions

These findings suggest that emotional allodynia may be a chronic characteristic of current MDD. Future studies should determine if emotional allodynia persists after psychological or pharmacological interventions. Finally, longitudinal work should examine whether emotional allodynia is a result of or vulnerability for depression and the role it plays in the increased susceptibility for pain complaints in this disorder.



Autor: Alexander Ushinsky, Lindsay E. Reinhardt, Alan N. Simmons, Irina A. Strigo

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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