Trade Liberalization And Poverty Dynamics in Vietnam 2002-2006Reportar como inadecuado

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1 Banque Mondiale 2 PSE - Paris School of Economics 3 PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques

Abstract : This paper shows the evolution of poverty in Vietnam during the deepening of trade liberalization and examines the impact of trade-related variables at the household level. The study is based on a panel dataset of households followed in 2002, 2004 and 2006. Trade-related variables at the household level are defined as the household specialization in terms of production and employment with respect to the type of jobs wage earners or self-employed and sectors import-competing or exported manufactured goods, services, and in agriculture, rice, exported, subsistence and import-competing crops. For the poor, besides the expected positive impact of working in an export-related sector in industry and in agriculture, diversification in self-employed non-farm activities appears to have been efficient at alleviating poverty. Moreover, the import-competing sectors in industry and in agriculture play also a positive role in poverty alleviation. The latter channel could be hindered in the near future, as Vietnam is now in the process of decreasing its import protection.

Keywords : Vietnam Trade liberalization Poverty dynamics

Autor: Barbara Coello - Madior Fall - Akiko Suwa-Eisenmann -



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