Type 2 Diabetes : An Independent Risk Factor for Tuberculosis: A Nationwide Population-Based StudyReportar como inadecuado




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Objective

Tuberculosis continues to be a major global health problem. We wanted to investigate whether Type 2 diabetes was a risk factor for tuberculosis in an Asian population.

Methods

From Taiwan’s National Health Insurance Research Database, we collected data from 31,237 female patients with type 2 diabetes and 92,642 female controls and 32,493 male patients with type 2 diabetes and 96,977 male controls. Cox proportional hazard regression was performed to evaluate independent risk factors for tuberculosis in all patients and to identify risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Results

During the study period, both female standardized incidence ratio SIR: 1.40, p<0.01 and male SIR: 1.48, p<0.01 patients with type 2 diabetes were found to have a significantly higher rate of incident tuberculosis than the control group. Type 2 diabetes HR:1.31, 1.23–1.39, p<0.001 was significantly associated with tuberculosis after adjusting sex, age, bronchiectasis, asthma and chronic obstructive lung disease.

Conclusions

Patients with type 2 diabetes have a higher risk of tuberculosis compared to control subjects after adjusting for confounding factors. The current diabetes epidemic may lead to a resurgence of tuberculosis in endemic regions. Therefore, preventive measures, including addressing the possibility that type 2 diabetes increase the individual’s susceptibility for incident TB, should be taken to further reduce the incidence of tuberculosis.



Autor: Ming-Chun Kuo, Sheng-Hao Lin, Ching-Hsiung Lin, I-Chieh Mao, Shun-Jen Chang , Ming-Chia Hsieh

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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