Environmental Impact of Mining Exploitation: A Case Study of Some Mines of Barite in the Eastern Anti-Atlas of MoroccoReportar como inadecuado




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Extraction of mineral resources is the backbone of the national economy in many developed and developing countries of the world. However, the exploitation can have many negative impacts on the immediate environment of the exploitation sites. In this study performed on some mining areas of the Moroccan Anti-Atlas, four principal negative effects were detected: effect on the physiognomy, on safety, on health, and on recovery rate. The principal source of this situation is the exploitation of the ore deposits from top to bottom without using any geological preparation and the use of non-adapted exploitation technics. To minimize these impacts, we propose to establish a geological study and advanced mining exploration before starting exploitation, and follow an exploitation technic well adapted to the morphology of the ore deposit like cut-and-fill mining and sublevel stoping methods.

KEYWORDS

Negative Impacts, Environment, Exploitation, Physiognomy, Anti-Atlas

Cite this paper

Essalhi, A. , Essalhi, M. and Toummite, A. 2016 Environmental Impact of Mining Exploitation: A Case Study of Some Mines of Barite in the Eastern Anti-Atlas of Morocco. Journal of Environmental Protection, 7, 1473-1482. doi: 10.4236-jep.2016.711124.





Autor: Abdelhafid Essalhi, Mourad Essalhi, Abdeslam Toummite

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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