Highly Sensitive Quantitative Real-Time PCR for the Detection of Plasmodium Liver-Stage Parasite Burden following Low-Dose Sporozoite ChallengeReportar como inadecuado




Highly Sensitive Quantitative Real-Time PCR for the Detection of Plasmodium Liver-Stage Parasite Burden following Low-Dose Sporozoite Challenge - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

The pre-erythrocytic stages of Plasmodium spp. are increasingly recognised as ideal targets for prophylactic vaccines and drug treatments. Intense research efforts in the last decade have been focused on in vitro culture and in vivo detection and quantification of liver stage parasites to assess the effects of candidate vaccines or drugs. Typically, the onset of blood stage parasitaemia is used as a surrogate endpoint to estimate the efficacy of vaccines and drugs targeting pre-erythrocytic parasite stages in animal models. However, this provides no information on the parasite burden in the liver after vaccination or treatment and therefore does not detect partial efficacy of any vaccine or drug candidates. Herein, we describe a quantitative RT-PCR method adapted to detect and quantitate Plasmodium yoelii liver stages in mice with increased sensitivity even after challenge with as few as 50 cryopreserved sporozoites corresponding to approximately 5-10 freshly isolated sporozoites. We have validated our quantitative RT-PCR assay according to the MIQE Minimum Information for Publication of Quantitative Real-Time PCR Experiments guidelines and established high reproducibility and accuracy. Our assay provides a rapid and reproducible assessment of liver stage parasite burden in rodent malaria models, thereby facilitating the evaluation of the efficacy of anti-malarial drugs or prophylactic vaccines with high precision and efficacy.



Autor: Sophie Schussek, Penny L. Groves, Simon H. Apte, Denise L. Doolan

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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