Roles of TLR7 in Activation of NF-κB Signaling of Keratinocytes by ImiquimodReportar como inadecuado




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Imiquimod is known to exert its effects through Toll-like receptor 7 TLR7 and-or TLR8, resulting in expression of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines. Keratinocytes have not been reported to constitutively express TLR7 and TLR8, and the action of imiquimod is thought to be mediated by the adenine receptor, not TLR7 or TLR8. In this study, we revealed the expression of TLR7 in keratinocytes after calcium-induced differentiation. After addition of calcium to cultured keratinocytes, the immunological responses induced by imiquimod, such as activation of NF-κB and induction of TNF-α and IL-8, were more rapid and stronger. In addition, imiquimod induced the expression TLR7, and acted synergistically with calcium to induce proinflammatory cytokines. We confirmed that the responses induced by imiquimod were significantly inhibited by microRNAs suppressing TLR7 expression. These results suggest that TLR7 expressed in keratinocytes play key roles in the activation of NF-κB signaling by imiquimod, and that their modulation in keratinocytes could provide therapeutic potential for many inflammatory skin diseases.



Autor: Zheng Jun Li , Kyung-Cheol Sohn , Dae-Kyoung Choi, Ge Shi, Dongkyun Hong, Han-Eul Lee, Kyu Uang Whang, Young Ho Lee, Myung Im, Yo

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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