A SNP Based High-Density Linkage Map of Apis cerana Reveals a High Recombination Rate Similar to Apis melliferaReportar como inadecuado

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The Eastern honey bee, Apis cerana Fabricius, is distributed in southern and eastern Asia, from India and China to Korea and Japan and southeast to the Moluccas. This species is also widely kept for honey production besides Apis mellifera. Apis cerana is also a model organism for studying social behavior, caste determination, mating biology, sexual selection, and host-parasite interactions. Few resources are available for molecular research in this species, and a linkage map was never constructed. A linkage map is a prerequisite for quantitative trait loci mapping and for analyzing genome structure. We used the Chinese honey bee, Apis cerana cerana to construct the first linkage map in the Eastern honey bee.


F2 workers N = 103 were genotyped for 126,990 single nucleotide polymorphisms SNPs. After filtering low quality and those not passing the Mendel test, we obtained 3,000 SNPs, 1,535 of these were informative and used to construct a linkage map. The preliminary map contains 19 linkage groups, we then mapped the 19 linkage groups to 16 chromosomes by comparing the markers to the genome of A. mellfiera. The final map contains 16 linkage groups with a total of 1,535 markers. The total genetic distance is 3,942.7 centimorgans cM with the largest linkage group 180 loci measuring 574.5 cM. Average marker interval for all markers across the 16 linkage groups is 2.6 cM.


We constructed a high density linkage map for A. c. cerana with 1,535 markers. Because the map is based on SNP markers, it will enable easier and faster genotyping assays than randomly amplified polymorphic DNA or microsatellite based maps used in A. mellifera.

Autor: Yuan Yuan Shi , Liang Xian Sun , Zachary Y. Huang, Xiao Bo Wu, Yong Qiang Zhu, Hua Jun Zheng , Zhi Jiang Zeng

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/


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