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Recent urban landscape vegetation surveys conducted in many cities in China identified numerous plant nutrient deficiencies, especially in newly developed cities. Soil nutrients and soil nutrient management in the cities of Hubei province have not received adequate attention to date. The aims of this study were to characterize the available nutrients of urban soils from nine cities in Hubei province, China, and to assess how soil nutrient status is related to land use type and topography. Soil nutrients were measured in 405 sites from 1,215 soil samples collected from four land use types park, institutional including government building grounds, municipal party grounds, university grounds, and garden city institutes, residential, and roadside verges and three topographies mountainous 142–425 m a.s.l, hilly 66–112 m a.s.l, and plain 26–30 m a.s.l. Chemical analyses showed that urban soils in Hubei had high pH and lower soil organic matter, available nitrogen N, available phosphorus P, and available boron B concentrations than natural soils. Nutrient concentrations were significantly different among land use types, with the roadside and residential areas having greater concentrations of calcium Ca, sulfur S, copper Cu, manganese Mn, and zinc Zn that were not deficient against the recommended ranges. Topographic comparisons showed statistically significant effects for 8 of the 11 chemical variables p < 0.05. Concentrations of N, Ca, Mg, S, Cu, and Mn in plain cities were greater than those in mountainous cities and show a negative correlation with city elevation. These results provide data on urban soils characteristics in land use types and topography, and deliver significant information for city planners and policy makers.



Autor: Zhi-guo Li, Guo-shi Zhang, Yi Liu, Kai-yuan Wan, Run-hua Zhang, Fang Chen

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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