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Background: Infection with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV andmalaria are two infectious diseases which are among the leading causes ofmorbidity and mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa and each a major public healthproblem. Data on malaria infection among people living with HIV PLHIV arepoorly defined in Kinshasa as there are very few studies available on thesubject. Objective: To determine the rate of co-infection HIV-malaria inKinshasa to improve the care of PLHIV, this study was initiated to update thedata. Methodology: This study was a prospective cohort. 123 volunteersparticipated in this study in the third month. 114 patients completed the 6- monthvisit. Malaria diagnosis by microscopy was performed at the two medical visits.A sample of 5 ml of blood was also drawn in a tube with EDTA for thedetermination of viral load and measuring the level of CD4 T cells. Results: Inthe third month of Antiretroviral Therapy ART, we had 123 PLHIV 78 women and 45 men. Viral loads VL ranged from 390.79copies-ml 2.59 log10 and 38546691.53 copies-ml 6.59 log10.The CD4 ranged between 90 and 547 cells-mm3. 25 patients 20.33%were positive for malaria. At 6th month of ART, there were 114 patients 75women and 39 men. The CV of the population ranged from 0 copies-ml and 2693671.54copies-ml 6.43 log10. The CD4 at 6th month were in the rangebetween 421 and 984 cells-mm3. 20 patients 17.54% presentedpositive thick smear for malaria. Conclusion: The prevalence rate of HIV- malariaco-infection varies between 17.54% and 20.33% in Kinshasa.

KEYWORDS

HIV, Malaria, Co-Infection, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

Cite this paper

Kamangu, E. , Muhindo, H. , Wapa-Kamangu, C. and Situakibanza, H. 2015 Prevalence of Malaria Infection among People Living with HIV in Kinshasa. Open Access Library Journal, 2, 1-6. doi: 10.4236-oalib.1101077.





Autor: Erick Ntambwe Kamangu1,2*, Hypolite Mavoko Muhindo3,4, Carole Weba Wapa-Kamangu2, Hippolyte Nani-Tuma Situakibanza3,5

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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