Coexistence of Chronic Complications among Diabetic Patients at Nigist Eleni Mohammed Memorial Hospital, Hossana, South EthiopiaReport as inadecuate




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Background: Chronic complicationsreduce quality of life, increases diabetes related mortality and overburden thepublic health services. This study aims to assess the prevalence of chronic complicationsand its associated factors among diabetic patients at Nigist Eleni MohammedMemorial Hospital, Hossana, South Ethiopia.Method and Materials: We conducted a hospital based cross-sectionalstudy. A simple random sampling technique was used to select 266 participantsfrom the follow up clinic of the hospital. Data were collected using semi structuredquestionnaire, weight, height, waist and hip circumference measurements andpatients chart review. Descriptive statistics was used to describe the studyvariable. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used toidentify factors associated with chronic diabetic complications. Result: Out of 247 diabeticsubjects, 114 46.2% were found to have at least one chronic complication thatincluded, hypertension59 23.9%, diabetes related eye disease 29 11.7%, neuropathy 25 10.1% andnephropathy 16 6.5%. Compared to age group 15 - 29 there was higher risk ofchronic complications for those who were in age groups 45 - 64, AOR = 2.50, 95% CI:1.20, 5.22 and ≥65 years, AOR = 7.18, 95% CI: 2.10, 24.87. Duration of diabetes> 10 yearsAOR = 2.87, 95% CI: 1.20, 6.88, and not performing self-monitoring of bloodglucose, AOR= 15.22, 95% CI: 3.07, 75.48 were also strongly associated with chroniccomplications of diabetes mellitus. Conclusion and Recommendation: Considerablenumber of diabetic participants in this study area had at least one chronic complication.Attention should be given to older diabetic patients and longer diabetic duration.Diabetic education should focus on health benefit of self-monitoring of bloodglucose.

KEYWORDS

Diabetes Mellitus, Chronic Complication, Risk Factors

Cite this paper

Tesfaye, D. , Tessema, F. and Taha, M. 2015 Coexistence of Chronic Complications among Diabetic Patients at Nigist Eleni Mohammed Memorial Hospital, Hossana, South Ethiopia. Open Access Library Journal, 2, 1-10. doi: 10.4236-oalib.1101218.





Author: Dawit Jember Tesfaye1, Fasil Tessema2, Mohammed Taha2

Source: http://www.scirp.org/



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