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The present article sought to address theissue of shared management of water resources among sovereign states in LatinAmerica, focusing on the hydrographic basin of the River Plate. The methodologyof the Transboundary Waters Assessment Programme for river basins proposed bythe United Nations was used to evaluate risks within current and futurescenarios. The results obtained allow the inference that the River Plate basinis in a moderate-risk category. However, high and very high risk values wereobserved for the pollution, dams and economic reliance indicators, which in thefuture horizon could promote conflicts regarding water resource use. In conclusion,states should establish their priorities and clear rules for monitoring, useand surveillance of water. This process should be done in an integrated manner,with due regard for international arrangements, and should be compatible withthe policies and management instruments of the countries involved.

KEYWORDS

Transboundary Rivers, Water Politics, Water Use Conflicts, Risk

Cite this paper

Calhman, O. and Hora, M. 2016 Shared Management of Water Resources among Sovereign States in Latin America: The Case of the River Plate Basin. Journal of Environmental Protection, 7, 1089-1095. doi: 10.4236-jep.2016.78097.





Autor: Olga Kelman Brocki Calhman1, Monica da Hora2

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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