Egg-Laying -Intermorphs- in the Ant Crematogaster smithi neither Affect Sexual Production nor Male ParentageReportar como inadecuado




Egg-Laying -Intermorphs- in the Ant Crematogaster smithi neither Affect Sexual Production nor Male Parentage - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

We study male parentage and between-colony variation in sex allocation and sexual production in the desert ant Crematogaster smithi, which usually has only one singly-mated queen per nest. Colonies of this species are known to temporarily store nutrients in the large fat body of intermorphs, a specialized female caste intermediate in morphology between queens and workers. Intermorphs repackage at least part of this fat into consumable but viable male-destined eggs. If these eggs sometimes develop instead of being eaten, intermorphs will be reproductive competitors of the queen but—due to relatedness asymmetries—allies of their sister worker. Using genetic markers we found a considerable proportion of non-queen sons in some, but not all, colonies. Even though intermorphs produce ∼1.7× more eggs than workers, their share in the parentage of adult males is estimated to be negligible due to their small number compared to workers. Furthermore, neither colony-level sex allocation nor overall sexual production was correlated with intermorph occurrence or number. We conclude that intermorph-laid eggs typically do not survive and that the storage of nutrients and their redistribution as eggs by intermorphs is effectively altruistic.



Autor: Jan Oettler , Michiel B. Dijkstra , Jürgen Heinze

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



DESCARGAR PDF




Documentos relacionados