Temperature and Precipitation Fluctuation of Madinah-Al-Munawara, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 1959-2011Reportar como inadecuado




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The workdiscusses the temperature and precipitation fluctuation of Madinah-Al-Munawara,Saudi Arabia for a time period of 1959-2011. This is a city in the Hejaz regionof western Saudi Arabia, the capital of Al Madinah Province and important religiousplace. For many years now, Royal Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is active on nationalas well as international levels to adopt a more suitable policy for the studyof climate changes and reviews it periodically as per country economic desires.The main sectors that affect the temperature and precipitation fluctuations inSaudi Arabia are surface water, coastal management, overgrazing, forestry,livestock, drought, desertification, industrialization, landuse change, tourism,and aridity etc. The paper analyzes the temperature and precipitationfluctuations of Madinah-Al-Munawara in terms of general climatology, climate fluctuation-variation,seasonal distribution and extreme weather events. The mean monthly temperatureof the city recorded during 1959-2011 is 28°C and mean minimum of 21°C having 1.2°C in minimum temperature. Generally,there is a rise and fall in the temperature condition and shows irregularpattern throughout the period. The total precipitation of the city is 36 millimeters;having a decrease of -0.3 millimeters but in general the trend of precipitationat Madinah-Al-Munawara shows an increasing trend throughout the period. Apriland November are the wettest, while June, August, September and October are thehottest months of the city. The area is characterized by two main seasons thatis winter 5 months and summer 7 months, which can further be sub-dividedinto four rainy seasons namely winter, post-winter, summer, and post-summerseasons.

KEYWORDS

Climatology, Fluctuation, Seasonal Fluctuation, Hajjand Ummrah, Summer, Winter, Wettest, Hottest

Cite this paper

Khan, S. and Alghafari, Y. 2016 Temperature and Precipitation Fluctuation of Madinah-Al-Munawara, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 1959-2011. Atmospheric and Climate Sciences, 6, 402-414. doi: 10.4236-acs.2016.63033.





Autor: Saifullah Khan1*, Yasser Alghafari2

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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