A Cross Sectional Study of the Knowledge and Practice of Self-Breast Examination among Market Women at the Makola Shopping Mall, Accra, GhanaReportar como inadecuado




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Background: Breastcancer is one of the most common cancers in women worldwide. With an estimatedincidence of 1,676,633 with 521,817 deaths in the year 2012, the figure isexpected to hit the 82.5 millionth mark by 2015. Breast cancer screening is reported to beextremely low in most low-middle income countries like Ghana. This study was todetermine the knowledge and practices of self-breast examination among marketwomen at Makola Shopping Mall in Accra, Ghana. Methods: The study was conducted at the Makola ShoppingMall in Accra among women above the age of 20 years who owned a store and sellat the mall. Data were collected using mixed method involving in-depthinterviews and questionnaire survey. Random samples of 170 participants wereselected from a population of 400 for the quantitative survey. A total of eightin-depth interviews were conducted to generate qualitative data to complementthe survey data. Results: Majority 60% of the respondents were between the ages of 20 - 40 years.There’s a high literacy rate among the participants. Though awareness of self-breast examinationwas very high 93%, only 27% practiced self-breast examination in line withthe recommended one week period after menses due to lack of knowledge of thebasic skills to do self-breast examination. Conclusion: In view of the lack ofknowledge resulting in non-performance of self-breast examination, continuouseducation on breast cancer screening should be given to the women to enablethem acquire the skills of performing self-breast examination to promote earlydetection of the disease.

KEYWORDS

Breast Cancer, Self Breast Examination, Knowledge, Practices, Prevention, Treatment, Accra, Ghana

Cite this paper

Kudzawu, E. , Agbokey, F. and Ahorlu, C. 2016 A Cross Sectional Study of the Knowledge and Practice of Self-Breast Examination among Market Women at the Makola Shopping Mall, Accra, Ghana. Advances in Breast Cancer Research, 5, 111-120. doi: 10.4236-abcr.2016.53013.





Autor: Elorm Kudzawu1,2, Francis Agbokey3, Collins S. K. Ahorlu4*

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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