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Background and Aims

Strains responsible for acute hepatitis B infections AHB in France have not been characterized. This study was first designed to analyze the molecular epidemiology of AHB and second to describe the differences between AHB and chronic hepatitis B CHB exacerbations.

Methods

This prospective study was based on the French mandatory notification system for AHB. 147 samples corresponding to declared cases were shipped to a central laboratory for classification as AHB or CHB according to the level of anti-HBc IgM and anti-HBc avidity.

Results

Based on biological marker values and file examination, 75 cases 59% were classified as AHB. Independently of the acute or chronic status, genotype A 57%, D 22% and E 14% were the most prevalent and no phylogenetic clustering was observed among HBV sequences n=68. Precore or basal core-promoter variants were not particularly associated with disease severity but were more prevalent in CHB. No antiviral resistant strains or immune-escape HBsAg was observed. HBV viral loads in AHB or CHB were comparable but with opposite distributions. ALT levels reached 10 times the upper normal value in 94% of AHB but only in 24% of CHB.

Conclusions

After rigorous classification, no major difference at the genetic level was found between HBV strains isolated from AHB and CHB. Absence of potentially deleterious variant detection is reassuring. When based upon HBsAg and anti-HBc IgM determination, AHB notification may falsely include more than 40% CHB, leading to an important risk of bias in national surveillance programs of AHB.



Autor: Vincent Thibault , Syria Laperche, Valérie Thiers, Sophie Sayon, Marie-José Letort, Elisabeth Delarocque-Astagneau, Denise Anto

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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