Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Validation Studies on a Diabetes Case Definition from Health Administrative RecordsReportar como inadecuado




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Objectives

Health administrative data are frequently used for diabetes surveillance. We aimed to determine the sensitivity and specificity of a commonly-used diabetes case definition two physician claims or one hospital discharge abstract record within a two-year period and their potential effect on prevalence estimation.

Methods

Following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses PRISMA guidelines, we searched Medline from 1950 and Embase from 1980 databases for validation studies through August 2012 keywords: -diabetes mellitus-; -administrative databases-; -validation studies-. Reviewers abstracted data with standardized forms and assessed quality using Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies QUADAS criteria. A generalized linear model approach to random-effects bivariate regression meta-analysis was used to pool sensitivity and specificity estimates. We applied correction factors derived from pooled sensitivity and specificity estimates to prevalence estimates from national surveillance reports and projected prevalence estimates over 10 years to 2018.

Results

The search strategy identified 1423 abstracts among which 11 studies were deemed relevant and reviewed; 6 of these reported sensitivity and specificity allowing pooling in a meta-analysis. Compared to surveys or medical records, sensitivity was 82.3% 95%CI 75.8, 87.4 and specificity was 97.9% 95%CI 96.5, 98.8. The diabetes case definition underestimated prevalence when it was ≤10.6% and overestimated prevalence otherwise.

Conclusion

The diabetes case definition examined misses up to one fifth of diabetes cases and wrongly identifies diabetes in approximately 2% of the population. This may be sufficiently sensitive and specific for surveillance purposes, in particular monitoring prevalence trends. Applying correction factors to adjust prevalence estimates from this definition may be helpful to increase accuracy of estimates.



Autor: Aaron Leong, Kaberi Dasgupta, Sasha Bernatsky, Diane Lacaille, Antonio Avina-Zubieta, Elham Rahme

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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