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To choose a set of definitions on corruption and summarize the quantitative measures of corruption, this article gives some comments on a wealth of global indicators of corruption. Based on the academic research, the factors of corruption could be mapped in three levels: macro, meso and micro. In the past, most literatures pay attention to the macro factors to study the relationship between corruption, development, culture and politics. In the meso-level, internal system construction is the most important factors on corruption. More and more scholars tend to use the real raw data rather than the perception of data to study the corruption of a certain country or region. Micro factors research on corruption will become increasingly popular in the future.

KEYWORDS

Corruption, Factors, Macro, Meso, Micro

Cite this paper

Liu, X. 2016 A Literature Review on the Definition of Corruption and Factors Affecting the Risk of Corruption. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 4, 171-177. doi: 10.4236-jss.2016.46019.





Autor: Xizi Liu

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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