Established Thymic Epithelial Progenitor-Stem Cell-Like Cell Lines Differentiate into Mature Thymic Epithelial Cells and Support T Cell DevelopmentReportar como inadecuado




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Common thymic epithelial progenitor-stem cells TEPCs differentiate into cortical and medullary thymic epithelial cells TECs, which are required for the development and selection of thymocytes. Mature TEC lines have been widely established. However, the establishment of TEPC lines is rarely reported. Here we describe the establishment of thymic epithelial stomal cell lines, named TSCs, from fetal thymus. TSCs express some of the markers present on tissue progenitor-stem cells such as Sca-1. Gene expression profiling verifies the thymic identity of TSCs. RANK stimulation of these cells induces expression of autoimmune regulator Aire and Aire-dependent tissue-restricted antigens TRAs in TSCs in vitro. TSCs could be differentiated into medullary thymic epithelial cell-like cells with exogenously expressed NF-κB subunits RelB and p52. Importantly, upon transplantation under the kidney capsules of nude mice, TSCs are able to differentiate into mature TEC-like cells that can support some limited development of T cells in vivo. These findings suggest that the TSC lines we established bear some characteristics of TEPC cells and are able to differentiate into functional TEC-like cells in vitro and in vivo. The cloned TEPC-like cell lines may provide useful tools to study the differentiation of mature TEC cells from precursors.



Autor: Pengfei Chen , Jun Zhang , Yu Zhan, Juanjuan Su, Yarui Du, Guoliang Xu, Yufang Shi, Ulrich Siebenlist, Xiaoren Zhang

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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