The Influence of Semantic and Pragmatic Factors in Wason’s Selection Task: State of the ArtReportar como inadecuado




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One of the cognitive processes, which hasgenerated more research within the framework of the Psychology of thinking, ishuman reasoning. Throughout the history of the Psychology of reasoning, one ofthe experimental tasks most frequently used to study how subjects reason, andwhy they make mistakes, is the Wason’s selection task or the four card problemWason, 1966, 1968. This work presents the current state of the experimentalresearch on this task, using as a common thread the empirical studies whichhave highlighted the plasticity of reasoning towards semantic and pragmaticfactors.

KEYWORDS

Thinking, Reasoning, Conditional Reasoning, Wason’s Selection Task

Cite this paper

Valiña, M. and Martín, M. 2016 The Influence of Semantic and Pragmatic Factors in Wason’s Selection Task: State of the Art. Psychology, 7, 925-940. doi: 10.4236-psych.2016.76094.





Autor: María Dolores Valiña, Montserrat Martín

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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