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Awareness, knowledge, beliefs and the sociocultural and religious practices, are believed to influencethe treatment-seeking behavior of people as well as their uptake of services. This study wascarried out to assess the awareness and knowledge about glaucoma, and the attitude to glaucomascreening in Nchokko village in Igbeagu community, Izzi Local Government Area, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.This was a cross-sectional descriptive study. Data were collected using an interviewer-administeredquestionnaire and analyzed using SPSS 22. Results show that a total of 402 respondents—228 56.7% women and 174 43.3% men—were interviewed. The mean age of respondentswas 31.7 ± 11.9 years; 82.8% of the respondents had secondary education or less; 53% weremarried; and 38.1% were farmers. Only 21.1% of the respondents were aware of glaucoma.Gender, education, and positive family history were significantly associated with awareness. Only6.3% of the respondents had good knowledge about the disease. A large proportion of respondents62.1% exhibited a positive attitude towards glaucoma screening; however, only 5% hadever undergone glaucoma screening. We conclude that glaucoma awareness and knowledge werepoor in this rural community, but a high proportion of respondents had a positive attitude towardsglaucoma screening. We therefore recommend a focused community health educationcampaign that will raise awareness and impart adequate knowledge about glaucoma. Eye careproviders should make use of every opportunity to convey information on glaucoma to patients.

KEYWORDS

Glaucoma Awareness and Knowledge, Screening, Nchokko-Igbeagu Izzi, Ebonyi State, Nigeria

Cite this paper

Ogbonnaya, C. , Ogbonnaya, L. , Okoye, O. and Kizor-Akaraiwe, N. 2016 Glaucoma Awareness and Knowledge, and Attitude to Screening, in a Rural Community in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Open Journal of Ophthalmology, 6, 119-127. doi: 10.4236-ojoph.2016.62017.





Autor: C. E. Ogbonnaya1, L. U. Ogbonnaya2, O. Okoye3*, N. Kizor-Akaraiwe4

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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