COOPERATIVE KNOWLEDGE. THE LOGICAL BASIS OF NETWORKINGReportar como inadecuado




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1 SND - Sciences, Normes, Décision

Abstract : 1. Plato-s Dogma Western tradition has from the very start put forward a demanding definition of knowledge. To know, having a true belief is not enough. Of course, true belief is a part of the story, but something else is requested. One wants, for example, to avoid to say that knowledge of the time could arise from the lucky observation, at midday, of a brocken clock whose hands are blocked on twelve o-clock. Beyond true belief, good reasons for having such a belief are requested to be considered as possessing knowledge. Plato-s claim, in Meno 96c, is that others- testimony should not be counted among these good reasons. Knowledge requires impact of the known on the knower and others- help cannot replace that impact : to know Larissa-s way, I have to experience that at first hand by travelling this way. The transmission of the information by people who have that experience doesn-t provide knowledge. In short, secondhand knowledge isn-t properly knowledge. This assertion raises obvious problems on the way of understanding scientific knowledge in the frame of contemporary digital networks. The aim of this paper is, neither to contest Plato-s claim – Plato has visibly put the finger on an important distinction-, nor to solve the problem it raises, namely to propose an original solution for the equation Knowledge = True Belief + X. I just want to argue that the exclusion of other-s contribution is unrealistic, should knowledge be considered as

Keywords : Cooperation Knowledge Community





Autor: Jacques Dubucs -

Fuente: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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