Evaluation of Pesticide Toxicity and Chemical Compounds Revealed in Soils of Sikasso and Segou MaliReportar como inadecuado




Evaluation of Pesticide Toxicity and Chemical Compounds Revealed in Soils of Sikasso and Segou Mali - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

The contaminants of the ground are potentially harmful agents and when they are released in thismedium, their persistence becomes an important concern. Because of the expressed interest, acertain number of pesticides and important chemicals and their toxicity are described in this article.The studies went on the determination of the concentration, the lethal amount of the organochlorinatedcompounds, chemical organophosphates, carbamates and compounds. One summerrecorded 3 pesticides in 5 samples of the grounds of Sikasso and Segou Mali. Their concentrationvaries from 20 atrazine with 45 g-kg of ground. The lethal amounts of the revealed poisonsvariable from 338 for phtalates to 28.710 mg-kg for hexane alkane thus evaluate their impact onthe food chain. Organophosphates and the carbamates insecticidal involve a reduction of 34.2%of the number of Cyprinus carpio of fresh water. The atrazine contaminates drinking water, but thediuron modifies the behavior and the reproduction of fish by deteriorating their system of olfactiveperception of natural substances. Important mortalities of birds are noted around the corn fields ofBougouni treated by the carbofuran. The pesticides involve at the man a reduction in fruitfulness, anincrease in the risk of miscarriage of premature birth, congenital malformations and cancers.

KEYWORDS

Evaluation, Toxicity, Pesticides, Chemical Compounds, Soils of Sikasso and Segou

Cite this paper

Traoré, V., Sidibé, A., Edmond, A.S., Coulibaly, A., Keïta, K., Samake, D., Traoré, D. and Kotelevtsev,S. 2016 Evaluation of Pesticide Toxicity and Chemical Compounds Revealed in Soils of Sikasso and Segou Mali. Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment, 5, 35-44. doi: 10.4236-jacen.2016.51004.





Autor: Vital Traoré1*, Abdrahaman Sidibé2, Ahoua Sika Edmond3, Alou Coulibaly4, Kalifa Keïta5, Drissa Samake5, Daniel Traoré6, Serge

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



DESCARGAR PDF




Documentos relacionados