The Comparison of the Effects of Three Physiotherapy Techniques on Hamstring Flexibility in Children: A Prospective, Randomized, Single-Blind StudyReportar como inadecuado




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The aim of the study was to evaluate changes in hamstring flexibility in 120 asymptomatic children who participated in a 6-week program consisting of one physiotherapy session per week and daily home exercises. The recruitment criteria included age 10–13 years, no pain, injury or musculoskeletal disorder throughout the previous year, physical activity limited to school sport. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of the three groups: 1 post-isometric relaxation – PIR n = 40, 2 static stretch combined with stabilizing exercises – SS n = 40 and 3 stabilizing exercises – SE n = 40. Hamstring flexibility was assessed with straight leg raise SLR, popliteal angle PA and finger-to-floor FTF tests. The examinations were conducted by blinded observers twice, prior to the program and a week after the last session with the physiotherapist. Twenty-six children who did not participate in all six exercise sessions with physiotherapists were excluded from the analysis. The results obtained by 94 children were analyzed PIR, n = 32; SS, n = 31; SE, n = 31. In the PIR and SS groups, a significant P<0.01 increase in SLR, PA, FTF results was observed. In the SE group, a significant P<0.001 increase was observed in the SLR but not in the PA and FTF P>0.05. SLR result in the PIR and SS groups was significantly P<0.001 higher than in the SE group. As far as PA results are concerned, a significant difference was observed only between the SS and SE groups P = 0.014. There were no significant P = 0.15 differences regarding FTF results between the three groups. Post-isometric muscle relaxation and static stretch with stabilizing exercises led to a similar increase in hamstring flexibility and trunk forward bend in healthy 10–13-year-old children. The exercises limited to straightening gluteus maximus improved the SLR result, but did not change the PA and FTF results.



Autor: Dariusz Czaprowski , Justyna Leszczewska, Aleksandra Kolwicz, Paulina Pawłowska, Agnieszka Kędra, Piotr Janusz, Tomasz Kotwicki

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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