Synchronization, Slippage, and Unbundling of Driven Helical FlagellaReportar como inadecuado




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Peritrichous bacteria exploit bundles of helical flagella for propulsion and chemotaxis. Here, changes in the swimming direction tumbling are induced by a change of the rotational frequency of some flagella. Employing coarse-grained modeling and simulations, we investigate the dynamical properties of helical flagella bundles driven by mismatched motor torques. Over a broad range of distances between the flagella anchors and applied torque differences, we find a stable bundled state, which is important for a robust directional motion of a bacterium. With increasing torque difference, a phase lag in the flagellar rotations develops, followed by slippage and ultimately unbundling, which sensitively depends on the anchoring distance of neighboring flagella. In the slippage and drift states, the different rotation frequencies of the flagella generate a tilting torque on the bacterial body, which implies a change of the swimming direction as observed experimentally.



Autor: Shang Yik Reigh, Roland G. Winkler , Gerhard Gompper

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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