Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol-Induced Dopamine Release as a Function of Psychosis Risk: 18F-Fallypride Positron Emission Tomography StudyReportar como inadecuado




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Cannabis use is associated with psychosis, particularly in those with expression of, or vulnerability for, psychotic illness. The biological underpinnings of these differential associations, however, remain largely unknown. We used Positron Emission Tomography and 18F-fallypride to test the hypothesis that genetic risk for psychosis is expressed by differential induction of dopamine release by Δ9-THC delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, the main psychoactive ingredient of cannabis. In a single dynamic PET scanning session, striatal dopamine release after pulmonary administration of Δ9-THC was measured in 9 healthy cannabis users average risk psychotic disorder, 8 patients with psychotic disorder high risk psychotic disorder and 7 un-related first-degree relatives intermediate risk psychotic disorder. PET data were analyzed applying the linear extension of the simplified reference region model LSRRM, which accounts for time-dependent changes in 18F-fallypride displacement. Voxel-based statistical maps, representing specific D2-3 binding changes, were computed to localize areas with increased ligand displacement after Δ9-THC administration, reflecting dopamine release. While Δ9-THC was not associated with dopamine release in the control group, significant ligand displacement induced by Δ9-THC in striatal subregions, indicative of dopamine release, was detected in both patients and relatives. This was most pronounced in caudate nucleus. This is the first study to demonstrate differential sensitivity to Δ9-THC in terms of increased endogenous dopamine release in individuals at risk for psychosis.



Autor: Rebecca Kuepper , Jenny Ceccarini, Johan Lataster, Jim van Os, Marinus van Kroonenburgh, Joop M. A. van Gerven, Machteld Marcelis

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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